Brain Diseases

Tourette Syndrome

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Tourette Syndrome Overview

Tourette syndrome is a neurological disease characterized by involuntary, repetitive movements and vocalizations called tics. While Tourette syndrome is considered a movement disorder, it is also a brain disease. Its cause is unknown, but current research suggests tics may happen when there are problems with how messages travel through the brain―such as abnormalities in certain areas of the brain or in communication between nerve cells.

Tourette syndrome and its impact

200,000

Americans have the most severe form of Tourette syndrome

1 in 100

People in the U.S. have milder symptoms

3-9 years old

Average age range of symptom onset

Tourette Syndrome Risk Factors

About 200,000 Americans have the most severe form of Tourette syndrome, but about 1 in 100 people in the U.S. have milder symptoms.

Tourette syndrome is an inherited disease, but the pattern of inheritance is complex. A genetic predisposition can result in varying degrees of severity or different forms of expression. Tourette syndrome is three to four times more common in males than females, and it occurs across all ethnic groups.

Tourette Syndrome Signs and Symptoms

Tourette Syndrome Diagnosis

Tourette Syndrome Treatments

Tourette Syndrome Research Efforts

Disease Resources

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