There is a wide range of treatment options for migraine, including both acute and preventive treatments. Acute treatments provide relief during migraine attacks, while preventive treatments work to prevent migraine attacks before they happen.
A variety of medications exist, both over-the-counter medications (good for mild to moderate symptoms and gradual onset) and prescription medications (good for more severe symptoms and rapid onset). Most recently, medications like ditans, gepants, and anti-CGRPs have hit the market. These are the first-ever medications specifically designed to treat migraine, as opposed to medications that were designed for another purpose but can also treat migraine.
Non-medication treatments include acupuncture and brain stimulation. You might consider non-medication treatments if you are at risk of side effects or are worried about headache from medication overuse. One option is a neuromodulation device, sometimes called a stimulator, which uses electrical or magnetic currents to regulate brain activity. Migraine prevention can include various relaxation or stress reduction techniques, regular exercise, and adequate hydration, nutrition, and sleep.
While there are effective treatments, there is no cure for migraine. Prevention and responsive treatment is important because migraine can affect quality of life and attacks may worsen over time. The key is finding the right treatment that works for you and your lifestyle, decreasing your headache frequency, severity, and duration with minimal side effects.