Brain Diseases

When you hear the words “Brain Disease,” what comes to mind? ALS? Alzheimer’s? Parkinson’s?

Or maybe someone you know and love? A child diagnosed with autism. A parent or grandparent suffering from dementia or memory loss?

Brain disease comes in many different forms, and goes by many different names. It affects the lives of 1 in 6 people, and costs over a trillion dollars in annual treatment. Use the resources here to explore the major categories of brain disease. Search a full list of brain and other nervous system diseases on the website of the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

The American Brain Foundation is changing the way we think about these illnesses, opening our mind to a new, more powerful approach, where neurologists, patients, and caregivers examine the whole brain and share their findings. Because if you look at the whole picture, you’ll see that it’s all connected. If we cure one disease, we will cure many.

ALS and Neuromuscular Diseases

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), motor neurone disease, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, is a rapidly progressive, ultimately fatal neurological disease that attacks the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary…

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Autism and Neurodevelopment

Autism spectrum disorders are a group of developmental disorders distinguished by behaviors that range from mild to disabling. About one child in 68 is diagnosed with autism by…

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Brain and Nerve Tumors

Brain and spinal cord tumors are abnormal growths of tissues found within the central nervous system. There are many types of tumors, but common ones include glioblastoma, metastatic…

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Brain & Spine Trauma

Brain and Spine Trauma

Brain or spinal injuries differ in complexity and severity and range in effect from mild to severe. In the United States, there are an estimated 2.87 million Traumatic…

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Dementia – Alzheimer’s and LBD

Alzheimer’s disease is an age-related, irreversible brain disorder that develops over a period of years. Alzheimer’s is the most common cause of dementia, a group of disorders characterized…

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Epilepsy-Seizure Disorders

Seizure disorders, typically associated with epilepsy, affect about 3.4 million people (CDC) and about 9 percent of Americans will have a seizure in their lifetimes. In epilepsy, the…

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Headache and Pain

Severe headaches or migraines affect about 14 percent of American adults every year (CDC) while from a quarter to a third of all Americans suffer from chronic, non-cancer…

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Movement Disorders

Movement disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease, ataxias, tremor, dystonia, tics, and Tourette’s, can lead to a progressive loss of functional independence. Parkinson’s disease is a late-onset, chronic, progressive…

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MS and Autoimmune Disease

Multiple sclerosis (MS), a disease of the central nervous system involving unpredictable and disabling attacks, affects nearly 1 million people in the United States. Many investigators believe MS…

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Neurogenetic Diseases

Neurogenetic disease is caused by a defect in one or more genes which affects the nervous system. Neurogenetic diseases include Huntington’s disease, Kennedy’s disease, spinocerebellar ataxia, spinal muscular…

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Neuroinfectious Diseases

Neuroinfectious diseases affect the nervous system, from the brain and spinal cord to muscles and nerves. There are a wide range of neuroinfectious diseases, including: Meningitis and encephalitis,…

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Neurological rehabilitation is a doctor-supervised, complex care program aimed at improving function, reducing symptoms, and enhancing the well-being of people with diseases, trauma, or disorders of the nervous…

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Sleep Disorders

Although good sleep is necessary for optimal health, sleep disorders are common. There are over 100 different types of sleep disorders ranging from difficulty sleeping at night to…

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Stroke and Vascular Diseases

Each year in the United States, more than 800,000 people suffer stroke, which is a leading cause of permanent disability in adults. There are two types of stroke,…

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Technology and Innovation

Personalized medicine Predictive analytics Wearable technology Smart robotic surgery Disease Resources NIH… Turning Discovery Into Health® Autonomous Robot Surgeon Bests Humans in World First

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Other Brain and Nervous System Diseases

Don’t see information about the disease you’re looking for?

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